Other commonly used disaggregated growth meas

ures are consistent with the top-line measured GDP growth number. For example, production and

supply of electricity, thermal power, gas and water increased by 7.1 percent in the quarter. Pl

us, value-added index of transport, storage and post increased by 7.3 percent.

A closer look at the highest growth sectors shows that the economy is moving toward the long-term goal of shif

ting away from a development strategy based on heavy investment in industry and

infrastructure to one based on services and domestic consumption. Also, more productive industries that tur

n out higher-value added goods are growing at a much faster rate than traditional heavy industry.

Among large companies, State-owned enterprises grew 4.5 percent yea

r-on-year while shareholding enterprises grew almost twice as fast, at 7.8 percent. So, stro

ng progress is being made toward the goal of promoting private enterprise, which was re

inforced by many policies announced at last month’s meeting of the National People’s Congress.

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And, despite ongoing tensions, the total value of impo

orts and exports rebounded sharply in March, reaching 9.6 percent higher than March 2018. S

o, overall trade grew by 3.7 percent year-on-year in the quarter despite low growth rates in January and Febru

ary. Exports of electrical and mechanical products, which are higher value added, grew by 5.4 percent in the qua

rter. And, private sector trade grew 9.9 percent, far more than the overall growth rate.

I am worried to see that total investment in real estate grew by 11.8 per

cent year-on-year. Having lived through the 2008 finan

cial crisis in the United States, I’m wary of continued high investment in real estate in a time when property prices are al

ready astonishingly high and China’s living space per person has already surpassed that in Europe.

The bottom line is that fiscal and monetary policies combined with policies to promote structural transformation have

achieved a stable macroeconomic situation and steady movement toward supply side upgrading.

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hina’s energy consumption hits five-year record

Growth in China’s energy consumption remains robust while the forms

of energy continued to diversify in 2018, according to an annual report on China’s energy devel

opment released Sunday by the China Electric Power Planning and Engineering Institute.

Total energy consumed last year reached 4.64 billion metric tons o

f standard coal, a year-on-year growth of 3.3 percent – a five-year record, according to the report.

Consumption of clean energy, including natural gas, hydropowe

r, nuclear power and wind power, accounted for 22.1 perc

ent of energy consumption last year, up 1.3 percent compared with the same period in 2017.

Non-fossil energy accounted for 14.3 percent, up 0.5 percentage points year-on-year, the report said.

China produced 3.77 billion tons of standard coal last year, up 5 percent year-on-year, a seve

n-year high. It has also become the world’s largest natural gas importer, with a heavier reliance on energy imports.

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hinese prize for quantum research announced

A total of 12 million yuan ($1.78 million) of cash will be granted to 12 international scientists for their

groundbreaking academic contributions to the fields of quantum computation and quantum com

munications, according to a press release by the newly founded Micius Quantum Foundation on Friday.

With a combined donation of 100 million yuan from Chinese entrepreneurs, the foundation based in Hefei, East China’s Anhu

i province, will give each of the six annual laureates one million yuan. The foundation, a non-profit organization, ai

ms to promote development of quantum information science and technology.

The Micius Quantum Prize’s 2018 and 2019 laureates were announ

ced at the same time, as selection of first-year nominees took longer than expected, said Luo

Yi, president of the foundation and a scientist from the University of Science and Technology of China, based in Hefei.

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Consensus to lead to common prosperityries pose f

President says gathering sets stage for more Belt and Road progress, cooperation

More than $64 billion in deals were signed during the Second Belt a

nd Road Forum for International Cooperation, President Xi Jinping told members of the me

dia from home and abroad in Beijing after the three-day event concluded on Saturday.

In addition, Xi said, during the preparation and holding of the fo

rum, parties reached 283 pragmatic outcomes, including intergovernmental cooperation agre

ements, cooperative projects and the launch of multilateral cooperation platforms.

The outcomes fully demonstrate that joint building of the Belt and Road conforms to the trend of the times, wi

nning the hearts of the people, improving livelihoods and benefiting the whole world, he said.

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Pledges at forum draw overseas experts’ praise

The international community has hailed President Xi Jinping’s call on Friday to ease market

access for foreign capital and increase imports so that opening-up reaches a higher level.

Xi said in his keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the S

econd Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing that the purpose of buil

ding the Belt and Road is to achieve win-win cooperation and common development.

China will increase its imports of goods and services and will further lower its tariff rates, Xi said.

Francis Chua, chairman emeritus of the Philippine Chamber of Commer

ce and Industry, noted Xi’s emphasis on quality imports and state-of-the-art products.

“China will keep its commitments,” said Chua, who was attending the forum as a member of the Philippine business delegation.

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Also, the UNOOSA just signed a framework agreeme

 with China, allowing UN member states to participate in its scientific missions for the exploration of the solar system. It will bri

ng scientists from all over the world to work together, which will bring a lot of innovation,” she added.

The meteorological satellite jointly designed and constructed by

Chinese and French scientists has already started to send back data on the wind and ocean wave

s after it was sent to orbit by a Chinese rocket in October. The data can help scientists learn more about climate chan

ge, said Lionel Suchet, chief operating officer of the National Centre for Space Studies of France.

“In 2021, France and China plan to jointly launch an astronomical satellite to help the world deepen

its understanding on the gravitational wave,” Suchet said. “Space is our future, we need to step into it together.”

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China looks to strike a balance between meeting finan

ancing needs, sustainable development and debt sustainability, according to Finance Minister Liu Kun.

“We will build a high-standard and high-quality financing system to s

upport long-term and sustainable BRI investment while preventing debt risks,” Liu said.

He suggested promoting financing cooperation for projects in

third-party countries, equity investment and attracting more private funding.

Enhancing debt and risk management is a key consideration for deepening BRI financi

ng cooperation, said Yi Gang, governor of the People’s Bank of China, the central bank.

“The debt issue in developing countries should be treated objective

ly. If debt growth is accompanied by infrastructure improvement, enhancement of people’s liveliho

ods and productivity and poverty reduction, it will be beneficial for the sustainability of long-term debt,” Yi said.

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Yi pledged to use more market-based commercial fund

 He also said improving transparency for projects’ financing is needed, especially for green

financing, and using local currencies in BRI investments to curb exchange rate risks. “The opening of local curr

ency-denominated bond markets will effectively attract long-term funds and reduce risks of currency mismatches,” he said.

Christine Lagarde, managing director of the International Monetary Fu

nd, said at the forum that China’s increased focus on the long-term success of BRI projects and the

BRI debt sustainability framework “are very welcome steps in the right direction”.

The further opening-up of China’s financial sector, such as the b

ond market, will enable diversification and foster renminbi internationalization, she said.

fywmgz.cn

sees stronger ties with Chilectivity with Latin s hig

Interconnectivity with Latin American countries high on bilateral talks agenda

China and Chile should connect their development strategies and promote interconne

ctivity between Chile and other Latin American countries, President Xi Jinping said on Wednesday.

Xi made the remark while meeting with Chilean President Sebastian Pinera in the Great Hall of th

e People in Beijing. Pinera is on a five-day state visit and planned to attend the Second Belt and Road

Forum for International Cooperation. Premier Li Keqiang also met with him on Wednesday.

Xi said Chile is the first South American country to have established diplomatic relation

s with China, and the first Latin American nation to fully acknowledge China’s status as a market-oriented economy.

Xi said that Chile, the first Latin American country to have signed a bilateral free trade agreement with China an

d to have upgraded the agreement, is an important cooperation partner in jointly building the Belt and Road.

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